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What Is Puppy Farming



Puppy Farms and Back Street Breeding


What is a Puppy Farm?

You may have already heard of the phrase ‘Puppy Farming’ but are probably unaware of just how big an issue this is in the UK.

Puppy Farms exists all over the UK (and in Eire) with higher concentrations in specific areas such as Wales and Northern Ireland.

A 'puppy farm' can involve a small to a large number of dogs breeding and producing puppies; the reason for existence being that of financial gain which takes priority over welfare.

Pictured to the right is 'Blondie' who was sold Description: Puppy Farm Dog-with EDDRfrom a Pet Shop as a puppy just in time for Christmas. Originally bred on a licensed breeding premises in Wales, Blondie was sold and later returned as he was sick and seemed to have deformed legs. Blondie then waited in the pet shop for another buyer, offered at a 'reduced price' as he was thin, described as the 'runt' & had been returned. He was sold on to someone who felt sorry for him and later ended up in rescue with EDDR arriving with behavioural problems all stemming from his puppy experiences as well as digestive issues.

Puppy Farms exist to make profit with little regard to welfare standards. Running/operating costs are reduced wherever possible, to maximize profits, what this can mean is that dogs and puppies are kept in appalling conditions with puppies produced dying before reaching the buyer or sold off with heredity diseases along with physical and psychological problems-resulting in further suffering, heartache and veterinary bills for their new owners.

Some breeding premises are unlicensed and other are licensed by the Local Authority, these breeding sites exist to supply puppies to the public, as demand is high in our throw away society and the trade is flourishing.

Puppies can have pedigrees, paperwork and be Kennel Club registered.


Dogs are kept in kennel premises for the sole purpose of the mass production of puppies, who are when a few weeks of age transported en masse across the country to be sold in pet shops and through dealers advertising in papers and on the internet.

Puppy farming is in our opinion a sickening trade which continues right under our noses, in our own country, a country which is known as a ‘nation of dog lovers’. But, it’s all about the money, the money made by the puppy farmers, the dealers, the pet shop outlets, it’s big business to churn out litter after litter after litter of pups and the dogs used for breeding are no more than a commodity, to be exposed of once finished with.


It is well known that many puppy farm dogs live miserable lives, crammed into dismal kennel pens in large numbers, desperate for human company and affection, living in filthy stinking conditions where the highlight of the day is some dried food thrown in and the remainder of the day is spent pacing round in circles as the boredom breaks their spirits and the injuries and illness breaks their bodies.

Once born, many puppy farm pups will lose their fight for life due to sub standard conditions before the surviving ones are packed into vehicles and transported out across the country all ready to look cute and cuddly for the public.



Sadly, it's the public who through their purchases of puppy farm dogs;

- keep commercial breeders who put money before welfare in business

- keep puppies mum and dad and thousands like them confined solely for their next breeding

- keep dealers and 3rd party traders in business

you may not have realised that your money is what fuels and maintains this practice.


Further information on Puppy farms and Back Street Breeders

Hidden away from prying eyes, many thousands of female dogs are housed in agricultural barns and sheds, crudely adapted for the purpose of the mass breeding of dogs. Brood bitches exist solely to produce puppies, mere breeding machines for commercial gain by their owners. Breeding establishments operate throughout the UK, but since the mid fifties, West Wales has provided one of the major sources of puppies traded commercially throughout the world.

Born into a cold hostile world, tiny puppies are hostage to fortune. Bred in atrocious conditions where their mothers often live a miserable existence in cramped, crude, unhygienic conditions, they are exposed to stress and disease. In West Wales, puppy farms have been established for over 40 years, but in the past decade, as demand has dramatically increased, the number of breeding establishments throughout Britain has risen alarming due to the existence of a large dealer network.

They are the lynchpin of the trade, the middlemen and act as the link between breeder and pet shop. They collect and transport hundreds of puppies to pet retailers and commercial outlets throughout the UK. Many others are exported, mainly to the Far East, Japan, Hong Kong and China.

This trade in young pet animals is steeped in cruelty and abuse, from the breeder through transportation by the dealers and in to the pet outlets where puppies are treated as mere commodities by greedy profiteers. Behind their closed doors can lie a sordid tale of misery and neglect. The silent suffering of mans best friend is a sad indictment of a society which allows this to happen.


 Meet the puppy farmers 

The couple live with their 6 year old son in a normal community in a 2 bedroom house with a small back garden. At the time of writing, they have approximately 80 plus dogs, including pregnant bitches and puppies.

The couple breed dogs from as large as Bull Mastiffs and Lurchers to as small as Jack Russell Terriers, Yorkies and Shitzus.

Living conditions on the puppy farm

The couple tend to keep all the puppies and dogs in crates though some are kept in a walk in cupboard with no light or fresh air. Dogs are moved between the house and a rented allotment depending on who needs to be mated or sold. The couple also have a large shed at the rear of their house which is the home to yet more dogs. These dogs get no daylight or social interaction with humans.


The couple breed dogs depending on what is most fashionable or popular at the time. The dogs are not wormed or vaccinated and do not receive medical attention if needed. The average puppy is sold for around £150. The puppies are sold by word of mouth or via internet adverts on popular websites. You would never know, from reading the adverts, the horrendous conditions the puppies were born into.



When a dog becomes surplus to requirements

Occasionally the couple hand dogs over to a local rescue when they need to make room for new breed bitches (once with the threat that the dog would be shot if not taken). Other times they have thrown their dogs out onto the street. These street dogs are usually euthanised at the local pound.

The dogs rescued from this couple have been covered in excrement and injuries, full of worms and in desperate need of medication and love. One rescued lurcher puppy was close to death with lungworm and pneumonia. His litter mates, who remained with the couple, could subsequently not be sold and were relocated to the allotment where they remain.


Health of puppies from the farm

The couple take no pride in producing healthy, well-cared for pups. A recent litter of Jack Russell Terriers were born with hernias and each needed an operation. The couple decided that drowning them would be the best thing to do as they weren't prepared to pay vets bills. Luckily, a dog lover took them, paid for their operations and rehomed them successfully.
The allotment where many of the dogs and puppies are kept is rented from the council. It has no fresh water and a serious rat problem thanks to the mess there. Complaints have been made to the RSPCA and environmental health, but nothing has been done.
It seems the couple have no plans to stop breeding and will carry on regardless of any laws, including tail docking which they do themselves.

Many of their puppies die.


Description: Puppies for Sale

How to avoid the puppy farmer

When you buy a puppy from an internet advert, newspaper advert, pet shop or even via word of mouth, you risk giving your money to people like the couple above. The practice of puppy farming is much more common than you might think, and occurs in normal two up two down houses, not just in deepest darkest Wales or Ireland.

Puppy farmers will sell their dogs from different homes, from shops, or they will even bring the puppy to you. They will not let you see the squalid conditions in which the puppy was born and in which its mother remains. Papers are easily falsified. So it is vitally important that when looking for your puppy, you do so responsibly. Purchase with your head and not your heart. Better still, consider adopting one of the many wonderful dogs in rescue centres across the UK.









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